123 in Congress want to import more foreign workers to replace Americans, reduce wages and break a Donald Trump promise

Treachery in Congress as 123 Republicans and half as many Democrats in the Senate and House have begged the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) acting secretary, Chad Wolf, to ship more low-wage foreign workers into the United States.

In a January 27 letter to Wolf, 26 Republican Senators and 97 GOP House members demanded DHS allow businesses to import an additional 30,000 foreign workers on the H-2B visa program for blue-collar U.S. jobs this year.

While President Donald Trump was at rallies (campaigning!) and calling for more American jobs and higher wages, many in his GOP lawmaker army were urging the opposite.

Trump was not copied on the letter – a cute ploy. The President is Wolf’s boss, so sending a missive just to the DHS Secretary would normally be out of bounds without copying Trump. It’s similar to sending someone’s minor child an invitation to a murderer’s electrocution without telling the parents.

This subterfuge happens often. Every federal government department ultimately reports to the President, not to Congress, but by sidestepping Trump, Congress can make him immune from criticism of any real job-cutting intentions.

For the past year Trump has been shifting conversation to the benefits of so-called “legal” immigration, which in human terms means adding tens of thousands of imported workers, so American companies can pay less and make more profits.

Even building the wall has been a slow walk.  Most of the estimated 100 miles so far has been in place of old fences. Worst of all, some sections of the new construction look ready to collapse – because of high winds!

The new wall is also vulnerable to portable saws that can easily rip through its steel slats. Stone, concrete, Great Wall of China – has anyone in the White House read “Building Walls for Dummies?”

Every year, U.S. companies are allowed to import low-skilled H-2B foreign workers to take blue-collar, non-agricultural jobs. For some time, the H-2B visa program has been pushed by businesses to bring in cheaper, foreign workers and has contributed to blue-collar Americans having their wages reduced.

“We urge DHS to release the maximum number of additional visas without delay,” the Senators and House members wrote. “These vital American businesses depend on the expeditious release of a sufficient number of additional visas.”

This letter ignored the 11 million Americans, who are currently unemployed, underemployed, working part-time and seeking full time jobs, or have given up looking for employment and aren’t included in the official labor reports.

The H-2B visa program does not include farm workers.

Many businesses use foreign workers to drag down the wages of Americans in landscaping, conservation work, the meatpacking industry, the construction industry, and fishing jobs, according to a study by the Center for Immigration Studies.

Meanwhile, five Republican and Democrat Senators Richard Blumenthal, Tom Cotton, Dianne Feinstein, Chuck Grassley, and Dick Durbin have asked DHS not to bring any more foreign workers to the U.S. with the H-2B visa program:

While we understand the needs of employers who legitimately rely on seasonal H-2B workers if American workers cannot meet the demand, we continue to have concerns about the harmful impact that the program has on both American workers and foreign guest workers.

Studies have shown that the H-2B visa program leaves immigrant workers vulnerable to wage theft, abuse, and trafficking.

The five Senators said imported workers “are often at the mercy of their employers and H-2B workers may also be too scared to speak out against poor working conditions.”

They may also have difficulties accessing the justice system to protect themselves from employer retaliation if they do speak out. These realities of the H-2B program, as it operates today, incentivize unscrupulous employers to hire H-2B workers instead of American workers and create poor working conditions for immigrant workers and American workers alike.

We do not believe that an increase in the number of H-2B visas is in the interests of either American workers or H-2B visa holders.

While Cotton and Grassley are longtime supporters of the American worker, it was surprising to see agreement on H-2B reduction by Dianne Feinstein (Trilateral Commission), Richard Blumenthal and  Richard Durbin, who usually vote to support increased visa quotas..

Columnist John Binder reported last month that “in the construction industry, wage suppression is significant, with H-2B foreign workers being offered more than 20 percent less than their American counterparts.”

In the fishing industry, foreign workers were offered more than 30 percent less for their jobs than Americans in the field. In the meatpacking industry, foreign workers got 23 percent less pay than Americans.

Late last year, the Labor Department banned a South Dakota construction company from using the H-2B visa program after they discovered the employer was importing foreign workers in order to cut labor costs, then forcing those foreign workers to pay for their own housing, visa fees, and transportation costs — all of which are supposed to be covered by H-2B visa employers.

The 26 GOP Senators who signed the January anti-worker letter to the DHS Secretary are the usual establishment, pro-business supplicants:

  • Sen. John Barrasso (R-WY)
  • Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO)
  • Sen. Bill Cassidy (R-LA)
  • Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME)
  • Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX)
  • Sen. Kevin Cramer (R-ND)
  • Sen. Mike Crapo (R-ID)
  • Sen. Mike Enzi (R-WY)
  • Sen. Cory Gardner (R-CO)
  • Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC)
  • Sen. James Lankford (R-OK)
  • Sen. Jerry Moran (R-KS)
  • Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)
  • Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY)
  • Sen. Rob Portman (R-OH)
  • Sen. James Risch (R-ID)
  • Sen. Pat Roberts (R-KS)
  • Sen. Mike Rounds (R-SD)
  • Sen. Tim Scott (R-SC)
  • Sen. Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS)
  • Sen. Dan Sullivan (R-AK)
  • Sen. John Thune (R-SD)
  • Sen. Thom Tillis (R-NC)
  • Sen. Pat Toomey (R-PA)
  • Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS)
  • Sen. Todd Young (R-IN)

Plus, 97 Republican House members who signed the letter:

  • Rep. Ralph Abraham (R-LA)
  • Rep. Kelly Armstrong (R-ND)
  • Rep. Troy Balderson (R-OH)
  • Rep. Andy Barr (R-KY)
  • Rep. Jack Bergman (R-MI)
  • Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler (R-WA)
  • Rep. Dan Bishop (R-NC)
  • Rep. Mike Bost (R-IL)
  • Rep. Susan Brooks (R-IN)
  • Rep. Ken Buck (R-CO
  • Rep. Larry Bucshon (R-IN)
  • Rep. Buddy Carter (R-GA)
  • Rep. John Carter (R-TX)
  • Rep. Steve Chabot (R-OH)
  • Rep. Tom Cole (R-OK)
  • Rep. Doug Collins (R-GA)
  • Rep. John Curtis (R-UT)
  • Rep. Warren Davidson (R-OH)
  • Rep. Rodney Davis (R-IL)
  • Rep. Neal Dunn (R-FL)
  • Rep. Tom Emmer (R-MN)
  • Rep. Ron Estes (R-KS)
  • Rep. Bill Flores (R-TX)
  • Rep. Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
  • Rep. Mike Gallagher (R-WI)
  • Rep. Bob Gibbs (R-OH)
  • Rep. Anthony Gonzalez (R-OH)
  • Rep. Kay Granger (R-TX)
  • Rep. Garret Graves (R-LA)
  • Rep. Morgan Griffith (R-VA)
  • Rep. Glenn Grothman (R-WI)
  • Rep. Michael Guest (R-MS)
  • Rep. Brett Guthrie (R-KY)
  • Rep. Andy Harris (R-MD)
  • Rep. Vicky Hartzler (R-MO)
  • Rep. Jody Hice (R-GA)
  • Rep. Clay Higgins (R-LA)
  • Rep. French Hill (R-AR)
  • Rep. Bill Huizenga (R-MI)
  • Rep. Bill Johnson (R-OH)
  • Rep. Dusty Johnson (R-SD)
  • Rep. David Joyce (R-OH)
  • Rep. Fred Keller (R-PA)
  • Rep. Trent Kelly (R-MS)
  • Rep. Peter King (R-NY)
  • Rep. Doug Lamborn (R-CO)
  • Rep. Bob Latta (R-OH)
  • Rep. Billy Long (R-MO)
  • Rep. Barry Loudermilk (R-GA)
  • Rep. Frank Lucas (R-OK)
  • Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO)
  • Rep. Roger Marshall (R-KS)
  • Rep. Thomas Massie (R-KY)
  • Rep. Brian Mast (R-FL)
  • Rep. Mike McCaul (R-TX)
  • Rep. Patrick McHenry (R-NC)
  • Rep. David McKinley (R-WV)
  • Rep. Carol Miller (R-WV)
  • Rep. Paul Mitchell (R-MI)
  • Rep. John Moolenaar (R-MI)
  • Rep. Markwayne Mullin (R-OK)
  • Rep. Greg Murphy (R-NC)
  • Rep. Dan Newhouse (R-WA)
  • Rep. Pete Olson (R-TX)
  • Rep. Steven Palazzo (R-MS)
  • Rep. Guy Reschenthaler (R-PA)
  • Rep. Tom Rice (R-SC)
  • Rep. Hal Rogers (R-KY)
  • Rep. David Rouzer (R-NC)
  • Rep. John Rutherford (R-FL)
  • Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL)
  • Rep. Mike Simpson (R-ID)
  • Rep. Lloyd Smucker (R-PA)
  • Rep. Darren Soto (R-FL)
  • Rep. Greg Steube (R-FL)
  • Rep. Pete Stauber (R-MN)
  • Rep. Elise Stefancik (R-NY)
  • Rep. Chris Stewart (R-UT)
  • Rep. Steve Stivers (R-OH)
  • Rep. Van Taylor (R-TX)
  • Rep. Glenn Thompson (R-PA)
  • Rep. Scott Tipton (R-CO)
  • Rep. Mike Turner (R-OH)
  • Rep. Fred Upton (R-MI)
  • Rep. Jeff Van Drew (R-NJ)
  • Rep. Ann Wagner (R-MO)
  • Rep. Tim Walberg (R-MI)
  • Rep. Brad Wenstrup (R-OH)
  • Rep. Bruce Westerman (R-AZ)
  • Rep. Roger Williams (R-TX)
  • Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC)
  • Rep. Rob Wittman (R-VA)
  • Rep. Steve Womack (R-AR)
  • Rep. Rob Woodall (R-GA)
  • Rep. Ted Yoho (R-FL)
  • Rep. Don Young (R-AK)
  • Rep. Lee Zeldin (R-NY)

Trilateral Commission membership – the complete official North America Group roster

This is the most current (August 2009) list of members of the North American Trilateral Commission (TC) and their titles. This group is the source of most Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) philosophical stands on globalization. For example, Sen. Diane Feinstein (D-CA) is a prominent member of CFR and former member of TC. She also is a member of the New Democrat Coalition. This is the official roster, which we received directly from the TC.Senator Barry Goldwater described the organization this way:

“In my view, the Trilateral Commission represents a skillful, coordinated effort to seize control and consolidate the four centers of power: political, monetary, intellectual, and ecclesiastical. All this is to be done in the interest of creating a more peaceful, more productive world community. What the Trilateralists truly intend is the creation of a worldwide economic power superior to the political governments of the nation-states involved. They believe the abundant materialism they propose to create will overwhelm existing differences. As managers and creators of the system they will rule the future.”

Readers of this post will recognize many current and past public officials, including prominent members of the Obama government, as well as past Bush, Clinton, Nixon and Reagan appointees. Where else could you find bedfellows like Condoleezza Rice, Charles Rangel?

NORTH AMERICAN GROUP

Graham Allison, Director, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Dean, John F. Kennedy School of Government; former Special Advisor to the Secretary of Defense under President Ronald Reagan and former Assistant Secretary of Defense under President William Clinton
Richard L. Armitage, President, Armitage International LLC, Washington, DC; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
Zoë Baird, President, Markle Foundation, New York, NY
James L. Balsillie, Co-Chief Executive Officer, Research in Motion, Ltd., Waterloo, ON; Chair, Canadian International Council (CIC)
Alan R. Batkin, Vice Chairman, Eton Park Capital Management, New York, NY
Nani Beccalli-Falco, President and Chief Executive Officer, GE International, Brussels, Belgium
C. Fred Bergsten, Director, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs
Catherine Bertini, Professor of Public Administration, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY; Senior Fellow, Agricultural Development, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; former Under Secretary-General for Management, United Nations; former Executive Director, UN World Food Program.
Robert D. Blackwill, Senior Fellow, The RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA; former Deputy Assistant to President George W. Bush and Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategic Planning; former Ambassador to India
Herminio Blanco Mendoza, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Soluciones Estratégicas, Mexico City, NL; former Mexican Secretary of Commerce and Industrial Development
Stephen W. Bosworth, U.S. Special Representative for North Korea Policy; Dean, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, Medford, MA; former U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Korea
David G. Bradley, Chairman, Atlantic Media Company, Washington, DC
Scott Brison, Member of Parliament, House of Commons, Ottawa, ON
Gord Brown, Member of Parliament, House of Commons, Ottawa ON
Harold Brown, Counselor and Trustee, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC; former General Partner, Warburg Pincus & Company, New York, NY; former U.S. Secretary of Defense
R. Nicholas Burns, Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Politics, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
Sylvia Mathews Burwell, President, Global Development Programs, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA
Louis C. Camilleri, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Philip Morris International, New York, NY
Raymond Chrétien, Strategic Advisor, Fasken Martineau DuMoulin LLP, Montreal, QC; Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Center for International Studies of the University of Montreal; former Associate Under-Secretary of State of External Affairs; former Ambassador of Canada to the Congo, Belgium, Mexico, the United States and France
Eliot Cohen, Robert E. Osgood Professor of Strategic Studies, Director of Strategic Studies Program, and Director of Philip Merrill Center for Strategic Studies, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC; former Counselor to the U.S. Secretary of State
William T. Coleman III, Founder, former Chairman and CEO, Cassatt Corporation; Founder, former Chairman and CEO and Member, Board of Directors, BEA Systems, Inc., San Jose, CA
William T. Coleman, Jr., Senior Partner and the Senior Counselor, O’Melveny & Myers, Washington, DC; former U.S. Secretary of Transportation; Lifetime Trustee, Trilateral Commission
Timothy C. Collins, Senior Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, Ripplewood Holdings, New York, NY
Richard N. Cooper, Maurits C. Boas Professor of International Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Chairman, U.S. National Intelligence Council; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs
E. Gerald Corrigan, Chairman, Goldman Sachs Bank USA, New York, NY; former President, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Lee Cullum, Contributing Columnist, Dallas Morning News; Radio and Television Commentator, Dallas, TX
H. Lawrence Culp, Jr., President and Chief Executive Officer, Danaher Corporation, Washington, DC
Gerald L. Curtis, Burgess Professor of Political Science, Columbia University, New York, NY; Visiting Professor, Waseda University, Tokyo; and former Director, Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University
Lynn Davis, Director, Washington Office, The RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security
Arthur A. DeFehr, President and Chief Executive Officer, Palliser Furniture, Winnipeg, MB
André Desmarais, President and Co-Chief Executive Officer, Power Corporation of Canada, Montréal, QC; Deputy Chairman, Power Financial Corporation
John M. Deutch, Institute Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA; former Director of Central Intelligence; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense
Peter C. Dobell, Founding Director, Parliamentary Centre, Ottawa, ON
Paula J. Dobriansky, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, and Senior International Affairs and Trade Advisor, Baker & Hostetler, LLP, Washington, DC; former U.S. Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs
Wendy K. Dobson, Professor and Director, Institute for International Business, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON; former Canadian Associate Deputy Minister of Finance
Kenneth M. Duberstein, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Duberstein Group, Washington, DC; former Chief of Staff to President Ronald Reagan
William C. Dudley, President and Chief Executive Officer, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, New York, NY
Peggy Dulany, Founder and Chair, Synergos Institute, New York, NY
Robert Eckert, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Mattel, Inc., El Segundo, CA
Jessica P. Einhorn, Dean, Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC; former Managing Director for Finance and Resource Mobilization, World Bank
Dianne Feinstein, Member (D-CA), U.S. Senate
Martin S. Feldstein, Member, U.S. President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board; George F. Baker Professor of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; President Emeritus, National Bureau of Economic Research; former Chairman, U.S. President’s Council of Economic Advisors
Roger W. Ferguson, Jr., Member, U.S. President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board; President and Chief Executive Officer, TIAA-CREF, New York, NY; former Vice Chairman, Board of Governors, U.S. Federal Reserve System
Stanley Fischer, Governor of the Bank of Israel, Jerusalem; former President, Citigroup International and Vice Chairman, Citgroup, New York, NY; former First Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund
Richard W. Fisher, President and Chief Executive Officer, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Dallas, TX; former U.S. Deputy Trade Representative
Thomas S. Foley, former U.S. Ambassador to Japan; former Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives; former North American Chairman, Trilateral Commission, Washington, DC
Kristin J. Forbes, Associate Professor of International Economics, MIT Sloan School of Management, Cambridge, MA; former Member of the U.S. Council of Economic Advisors
Francis Fukuyama, Bernard L. Schwartz Professor International Political Economy, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC
Dionisio Garza, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, ALFA, Garza Garcia, NL
Richard A. Gephardt, Senior Counsel, DLA Piper, Washington, DC; former Member (D-MO), U.S. House of Representatives
David Gergen, Professor of Public Service and Director of the Center for Public Leadership, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Editor-at-Large, U.S. News and World Report
Francisco Gil-Díaz, Executive President, Telefónica de España-México and Central América, Mexico City, DF
Peter C. Godsoe, retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Scotiabank, Toronto, ON
Donald Gogel, President and Chief Executive Officer, Clayton Dubilier and Rice, New York, NY

Allan E. Gotlieb, Senior Advisor, Bennett Jones LLP, Toronto, ON; Chairman, Sotheby’s, Canada; former Canadian Ambassador to the United States; North American Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission
Bill Graham, former Member of Canadian House of Commons; former Minister of Foreign Affairs and former Minister of Defence, Ottawa; Chancellor, Trinity College, University of Toronto; Chair of The Atlantic Council of Canada; Co-Vice Chair of Canadian International Council
Donald E. Graham, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Washington Post Company, Washington, DC
Richard N. Haass, President, Council on Foreign Relations, New York, NY; former Director, Policy Planning, U. S. Department of State; former Director of Foreign Policy Studies, The Brookings Institution
James T. Hackett, Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer, Anadarko Petroleum Corp., The Woodlands, TX
John J. Hamre, President, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense and Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)
William A. Haseltine, President, William A. Haseltine Foundation for Medical Sciences and the Arts, Washington, DC; Founder and former Chairman and Chief Executive, Human Genome Sciences
Richard F. Haskayne, Board Chairman Emeritus, University of Calgary, AB; past Chairman of the Board of TransCanada Corporation
Carlos Heredia, Economist, Mexico City, DF; Advisor to the Governor of Michoacán
John B. Hess, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Hess Corporation, New York, NY
Carla A. Hills, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hills & Company, International Consultants, Washington, DC; former U.S. Trade Representative; former U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Karen Elliott House, Writer, Princeton, NJ; Adjunct Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Senior Vice President, Dow Jones & Company, and Publisher, The Wall Street Journal
Walter Isaacson, President and Chief Executive Officer, The Aspen Institute, Washington DC
Reuben Jeffery III, Senior Advisor, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC; former Under Secretary of State for Economic, Energy and Agricultural Affairs
Alejandro Junco de la Vega, President and Director, Grupo Reforma, Monterrey, NL
Robert Kagan, Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, DC
Arnold Kanter, Principal and Founding Member, The Scowcroft Group, Washington, DC; former U.S. Under Secretary of State
Charles R. Kaye, Co-President, Warburg Pincus LLC, New York, NY
Colin Kenney, Member, Canadian Senate, Ottawa, ON
Robert M. Kimmitt, Senior International Counsel, WilmerHale, Washington, DC; former U. S. Deputy Secretary of The Treasury
James Kimsey, President and Executive Director, The Kimsey Foundation, Washington, DC
Henry A. Kissinger, Chairman, Kissinger Associates, Inc., New York, NY; former U.S. Secretary of State; former U.S. Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Lifetime Trustee, Trilateral Commission
Michael Klein, former Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer, Citi Markets & Banking; New York, NY
Enrique Krauze, General Director, Editorial Clio Libros y Videos, S.A. de C.V., Mexico City, DF
Robert W. Lane, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Deere & Company, Moline, IL
Fred Langhammer, Chairman, Global Affairs, The Estée Lauder Companies, Inc., New York, NY
Winston Lord, Chairman Emeritus and former Co-Chairman of the Board, International Rescue Committee, New York, NY; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs; former U.S. Ambassador to China
E. Peter Lougheed, Counsel, Bennett Jones, Barristers & Solicitors, Calgary, AB; former Premier of Alberta
Roy MacLaren, former Canadian Minister; Toronto, ON
John A. MacNaughton, Chairman, Business Development Bank of Canada, and Chairman of Canadian Trading and Quotation System Inc., Toronto, ON
Antonio Madero, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, San Luis Corporacion, S.A. de C.V., Mexico City, DF
John Manley, Counsel, McCarthy Tétrault LLP, Ottawa, ON; former Canadian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance
Sir Deryck Maughan, Member, KKR & Co.; Head, Global Financial Services Group; New York, NY
Jay Mazur, President Emeritus, UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees, and President, ILGWU’s 21st Century Heritage Foundation, New York, NY
Heather Munroe-Blum, Principal and Vice-Chancellor, McGill University, Montreal, QC
John D. Negroponte, Vice Chair, McLarty Associates, Washington, DC; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State; former U.S. Director of National Intelligence; former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations and former U.S. Ambassador to Iraq
Joseph S. Nye, Jr., University Distinguished Service Professor and former Dean, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Chair, National Intelligence Council and former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs; North American Chairman, Trilateral Commission
Meghan L. O’Sullivan, Lecturer in Public Policy, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Special Assistant to President George W. Bush and Deputy National Security Advisor for Iraq and Afghanistan, National Security Council, The White House
Dinesh Paliwal, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Harman International Industries, Inc., Stamford, CT
Thomas R. Pickering, Vice Chairman, Hills & Company, International Consultants, Washington, DC; former Senior Vice President, International Relations, The Boeing Company, Arlington, VA; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs; former U.S. Ambassador to the Russian Federation, India, Israel, El Salvador, Nigeria, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and the United Nations
Martha C. Piper, former President and Vice-Chancellor, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
Richard Plepler, Co-president, HBO, New York, NY
John Podesta, President and Chief Executive Officer, Center for American Progress, Washington, DC; former Chief of Staff to President William J. Clinton
Adam Posen, Deputy Director and Senior Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC
Gen. Joseph W. Ralston, U.S. Air Force (Ret.), Vice Chairman, The Cohen Group, Washington, DC; former Commander, U.S. European Command, and Supreme Allied Commander NATO; former Vice Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. Department of Defense
Charles B. Rangel, Member (D-NY), U.S. House of Representatives
Federico Reyes Heroles, Writer and Political Analyst, Chairman of the Board of Este Pais Magazine, and Chairman of the Board, Transparencia Mexicana, Mexico City, DF
Condoleezza Rice, Professor of Political Science, Stanford University, and Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy, Hoover Institution, Palo Alto, CA; former U. S. Secretary of State; former National Security Advisor to President George W. Bush
Hartley Richardson, President, Chief Executive Officer, and Director, James Richardson & Sons, Ltd., Winnipeg, MB
Joseph E. Robert, Jr., Chairman and Chief Executive Office, J.E. Robert Companies, McLean, VA
David Rockefeller, Founder, Honorary Chairman, and Lifetime Trustee, Trilateral Commission, New York, NY
John D. Rockefeller IV, Member (D-WV), U.S. Senate
Kenneth Rogoff, Professor of Economics and Thomas D. Cabot Professor of Public Policy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Chief Economist, International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC
Charles Rose, Host of the Charlie Rose Show and Charlie Rose Special Edition, PBS, New York, NY
Irene B. Rosenfeld, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Kraft Foods, Inc., Northfield, IL
David M. Rubenstein, Co-founder and Managing Director, The Carlyle Group, Washington, DC
Luis Rubio, President, Center of Research for Development (CIDAC), Mexico City, DF
Arthur F. Ryan, former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Prudential Financial, Inc., Newark, NJ
Susan Schwab, Professor, Maryland School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD; former U.S. Trade Representative
Hugh Segal, Member, Canadian Senate (Conservative, Ontario); Member, Special Senate Committee on Terrorism; former Chair, Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs; Vice Chair (Research), Canadian International Council; and former President, Institute for Research on Public Policy
Jaime Serra, Chairman, SAI Consulting, Mexico City, DF; former Mexican Minister of Trade and Industry
Susan Shirk, Director, University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, La Jolla, CA
Dinakar Singh, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, TPG-Axon Capital, New York, NY; former Co-head, Principal Strategies Department, Goldman Sachs
Gordon Smith, Director, Centre for Global Studies, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC
Donald R. Sobey, Chairman Emeritus, Empire Company Ltd., Halifax, NS
Ronald D. Southern, Chairman, ATCO Group, Calgary, AB
Jessica Stern, Academic Director, Program on Terrorism and the Law, Harvard Law School, and Lecturer on Law and Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Barbara Stymiest, Chief Operating Officer, Royal Bank of Canada, Toronto, ON
John J. Sweeney, President, AFL-CIO, Washington, DC
Strobe Talbott, President, The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
Luis Téllez, Chairman, Bolsa Mexicana; former Secretary of Communications and Transportation of Mexico
George J. Tenet, Managing Director, Allen & Company, New York, NY; former U.S. Director of Central Intelligence
G. Richard Thoman, Managing Partner, Corporate Perspectives and Adjunct Professor, Columbia University, New York, NY; former President and Chief Executive Officer, Xerox Corporation; former Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, IBM Corporation
Frances Fragos Townsend, Partner, Baker Botts L.L.P., Washington, DC; CNN National Security Contributor; former Assistant to President George W. Bush for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism and Chair, Homeland Security Council
Paul A. Volcker, Chairman, President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board; former Chairman, Wolfensohn & Co., Inc., New York; Frederick H. Schultz Professor Emeritus, International Economic Policy, Princeton University; former Chairman, Board of Governors, U.S. Federal Reserve System; Honorary North American Chairman and former North American Chairman, Trilateral Commission
David Walker, President and CEO, Peter G. Peterson Foundation, New York, NY
R. Keith Walton, Chief Adminstrative Officer, Global Infrastructure Partners, New York, NY
William H. Webster, Senior Partner, Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy LLP, Washington, DC; former U.S. Director of Central Intelligence; former Director, U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation; former Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
Lorenzo H. Zambrano, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, CEMEX, Monterrey, NL; North American Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission
Ernesto Zedillo, Director, Yale Center for the Study of Globalization, Yale University, New Haven, CT; former President of Mexico
Philip Zelikow, White Burkett Miller Professor of History, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA; former Counselor, U.S. Department of State; former Executive Director, National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (“9/11 Commission”)
Mortimer B. Zuckerman, Chairman and Editor-in-Chief, U.S. News & World Report, and Publisher, New York Daily News; Founder and Chairman of Boston Properties, Inc.; New York, NY

Former Members in Public Service

Adm. Dennis B. Blair, U.S. Director of National Intelligence
Stephen Bosworth, U.S. Special Representative for North Korea Policy*
Lael Brainard, Under Secretary for International Affairs, U.S. Department of the Treasury
Kurt Campbell, Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. State Department
Thomas E. Donilon, U.S. Deputy National Security Advisor
Diana Farrell, Deputy Director, National Economic Council, and Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy, The White House
Michael B. G. Froman, Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security and Economic Policy, The White House
Timothy F. Geithner, U.S. Secretary of The Treasury
Richard Holbrooke, U.S. Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan
Gen. James L. Jones, U.S. National Security Advisor
Steven Koonin, Under Secretary for Science, U.S. Department of Energy
Susan E. Rice, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations
Dennis Ross, Senior Advisor, National Security Council
Anne-Marie Slaughter, Director of Policy Planning, U. S. Department of State
James B. Steinberg, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
Lawrence H. Summers, Director, National Economic Council, The White House
Robert B. Zoellick, President, World Bank