Trilateral Commission 2020 membership list of who really makes national & foreign policy

The 2020 Trilateral Commission membership list is included in this posting. Each member’s current and past major affiliations are described.

Long-time member Michael Bloomberg announced his candidacy for the 2020 Democrat nomination for President, and then withdrew. New members this year include Fiona Hill and David Petraeus.

The organization, founded in 1973, meets annually in secret with participants from media, international business, think tanks, finance, education, lobbying and government. All major countries are represented, except Russia. The organization’s goal is diminished nationalist interests, and future government policies influenced by a globalist approach.

The Trilateral Commission’s agendas often sync with those of the Group of Seven (G7) summits between the leaders of the world’s largest economies.

You can compare this year’s list to 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, and 2015.


January, 2020


North American Group

North American Chair

North American Deputy Chair

North American Deputy Chair

North American Honorary Chair

North American Director

Deputy North American Director

Bertrand-Marc Allen, President, Boeing International, Arlington

Graham Allison

Graham Allison, Director, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, and Douglas Dillon Professor of Government, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge; former Dean, John F. Kennedy School of Government; former Special Advisor to the Secretary of Defense and former Assistant Secretary of Defense

Rona Ambrose, former MP, former Interim Leader, Conservative Party; former Minister on the Status of Women, Environment, Health and Public Works, Ottawa

Bruce Andrews, Vice President for Global Public Policy, SoftBank Group, Washington; former Deputy Secretary of Commerce

Doug Beck, Vice President, Americas and Northeast Asia for Apple, Inc, San Francisco

Michael Beckerman, President and CEO of Internet Association, Washington

Dominic Barton, Worldwide Managing Director, McKinsey & Company, London

*Catherine Bertini, Professor, Public Administration and International Affairs, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University; Distinguished Fellow, The Chicago Council on Global Affairs

Herminio Blanco Mendoza, Chairman, IQOM, Mexico City; former Mexican Secretary of Commerce and Industrial Development; former Chief NAFTA Negotiator

Tony Blinken, Co-Founder and Managing Partner, WestExec, Washington; former Deputy Secretary of State

Michael Bloomberg

Michael Bloomberg, Candidate for the Democrat nomination for President of the United States, founder and CEO, Bloomberg LP, New York, and former Mayor of New York City

Ian Bremmer, President, Eurasia Group, New York

Esther Brimmer, Executive Director and CEO, NAFSA, Association for International Educators, Washington

Mark Brzezinski, President & CEO, Brzezinski Strategies LLC, Washington; former US Ambassador to Sweden. Brzezinski is the son of Emilie Benes Brzezinski and Polish-born co-founder of the Trilateral Commission and former National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski

Nicholas Burns, Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Politics and Member of the Board, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs

Steve Bunnell, Partner, O’Melveny & Myers LLP, Washington; former General Counsel at Department of Homeland Security

Ash Carter, Director, Harvard’s Belfer Center, Cambridge; former Secretary of Defense

Jean Charest, Partner, McCarthy Tétrault LLP, Former Premier of Quebec, Member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada

Michael Chertoff

*Michael Chertoff, Chairman and Co-Founder, The Chertoff Group; former Secretary of Homeland Security; Former Judge, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit; Former Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division, Department of Justice, Washington

Raymond Chrétien, Strategic Advisor, Fasken Martineau DuMoulin LLP, Montreal, QC; Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Montréal Council on Foreign Relations (MCFR); former Associate Under Secretary of State of External Affairs; former Ambassador to the Congo, Belgium, Mexico, the United States, and France

Jared Cohen, Founder and President of Jigsaw, New York; former member of Department of State’s Policy Planning Staff

Timothy Collins, CEO and Senior Managing Director, Ripplewood Holdings, Inc., New York

Richard N. Cooper, Maurits C. Boas Professor of International Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge; former Chairman, National Intelligence Council; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs

Heidi Crebo-Rediker, CEO, International Capital Strategies, Washington; former Chief Economist, State Department

Helima Croft, Managing Director and the Global Head of Commodity Strategy at RBC Capital Markets, New York; former Senior Economic Analyst at CIA

Lee Cullum, Contributing Columnist, Dallas Morning News; Radio and Television Commentator, Dallas

Luis de la Calle, Managing Director and Founding Partner, De la Calle, Madrazo, Mancera, S.C. (CMM), Mexico City; former Undersecretary for International Trade Negotiations

Arthur D. DeFehr, CEO and President, Palliser Furniture Holdings Ltd., Winnipeg

André Desmarais, Deputy Chairman, President and Co-Chief Executive Officer, Power Corporation of Canada, Montréal, QC; Executive Co-Chairman, Power Financial Corporation

James T. Demetriades, CEO and Founder, Kairos Venture Investments

John M. Deutch

John M. Deutch, Institute Professor emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge; former Director of Central Intelligence; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense and Undersecretary of Energy

Paula J. Dobriansky, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge; Vice Chair, National Executive Committee, U.S. Water Partnership; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs

Wendy Dobson, Professor and Co-Director, Institute for International Business, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto; former Canadian Associate Deputy Minister of Finance

Gary Doer, former Canadian Ambassador to the United States, Winnipeg

Thomas Donilon, Partner and Vice Chair, O’Melveny & Myers LLP, Washington; Non-resident Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University; former U.S. National Security Advisor

*Kenneth M. Duberstein, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Duberstein Group, Washington; former Chief of Staff to President Ronald Reagan

Michael Duffy, Deputy Op-Ee Editor, The Washington Post, Washington and former Executive Editor, TIME Magazine, Washington

Douglas Elmendorf, Dean, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

*Richard Falkenrath, Chief Security Officer, Bridgewater Associates, Westport

Dawn Farrell, President and CEO, TransAlta Corporation, Calgary

Diana Farrell, Chief Executive Officer and President, JPMorgan Chase Institute, Washington; former Deputy Director, National Economic Council, and Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy

Laurence Fink, CEO of BlackRock, New York

Linda Frum, Member, Senate of Canada, Ottawa

Juan Gallardo, Chairman of the Board, Grupo Embotelladoras Unidas, SA de CV, Mexico City

David Gergen

*David Gergen, Professor of Public Service and Director of the Center for Public Leadership, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge; CNN Senior Political Analyst

Gordon Giffin, Partner, Dentons US LLP, Atlanta; former U.S. Ambassador to Canada

Donald Gogel, President and Chief Executive Officer, Clayton Dubilier and Rice, Inc., New York

Jamie S. Gorelick, Partner, WilmerHale, Washington; former Deputy Attorney General; former General Counsel, Department of Defense

Bill Graham former Member of Canadian House of Commons; former Minister of Foreign Affairs and former Minister of Defence, Ottawa; Chancellor, Trinity College, University of Toronto; Hon. Col. of The Governor General’s Horse Guards, Chair of Canadian International Council; Founder of The Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History; Former Chairman of The Atlantic Council of Canada.

Donald Graham, Chairman of the Board of Graham Holdings Company, former owner of The Washington Post Company, Washington

Peter Harder, Member, Senate of Canada, Ottawa

Jane Harman

*Jane Harman, Director, President, and CEO, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington; former Member, (D-CA, 36) U.S. House of Representatives

Linda Hasenfratz, President and CEO, Linamar Corporation, Ontario

Alexandra Haas-Paciuc, President, the National Council to Prevent Discrimination (CONAPRED)

Kerry Healey, President, Center for Advancing the American Dream, Washington; former Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts

Carlos Heredia, Associate Professor, Department of International Studies, Center for Research and Teaching in Economics (CIDE), Mexico City; Coordinator, Program for the Study of the United States, CIDE

John B. Hess, Chairman of the Board and CEO, Hess Corporation, New York

Fiona Hill, Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution, Washington; former Senior Director for European and Russian Affairs on the NSC

*Carla A. Hills, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hills & Company, Washington; former U.S. Trade Representative; former U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

*Karen Elliott House, writer, Princeton, NJ; Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University; former Senior Vice President, Dow Jones & Company, and Publisher, The Wall Street Journal

Joseph K. Hurd, III, former Director, Emerging Business, Facebook, Menlo Park

David Ignatius

David Ignatius, Columnist, The Washington Post, Washington

Merit E. Janow, Dean of the Faculty and Professor of Practice, International Economic Law and International Affairs, Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), New York; former Member, Appellate Body from North America, World Trade Organization

P. Thomas Jenkins, Chair, Open Text, Waterloo; Chair, National Research Council of Canada

Robert Johnston, Managing Director, Global Energy and Natural Resources and Executive Advisor, Eurasia Group, Washington

Lewis Kaden, Chairman, Markle Foundation Board of Directors; Former Vice Chairman, Citigroup, New York

Andy Karsner, Managing Partner of the Emerson Collective; Senior Strategist at X; former Assistant Secretary of Energy for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Juliette Kayyem, Lecturer in Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge; Former Columnist, Boston Globe

Timothy Keating, Senior Vice President, Government Operations, The Boeing Company, Arlington

Robert M. Kimmitt, Senior International Counsel, WilmerHale, Washington; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of the Treasury; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs; former U.S. Ambassador to Germany

Henry Kissinger

Henry A. Kissinger, Chairman, Kissinger Associates, Inc., New York; former U.S. Secretary of State; former Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Lifetime Trustee and co-founder of the Trilateral Commission

Scott Kleinman, Co-President, Apollo Global Management, New York

Nicholas Kristof, Columnist, The New York Times

Stephanie Kusie, Member of Parliament, House of Commons, Ottawa

Fred Langhammer, Chairman, Global Affairs, The Estée Lauder Companies, Inc., New York

*Monique Leroux, Strategic Advisor, Corporation Fiera Capital, Montreal

Leonard Levie, Chairman of American Industrial Acquisition Corporation, New York

Marne Levine, former Chief Operating Officer, Instagram, Menlo Park

Santiago Levy, Vice President for Sectors and Knowledge, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington

David Lipton, First Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund, Washington

Linda Koch Lorimer

Linda Koch Lorimer, CEO, Abundantior; former Vice President for Global & Strategic Initiatives, Yale University

*John Manley, Chair CIBC, CIBC Bank USA, and Chair CAE Inc.; former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance

James Manyika, Chair, McKinsey Global Institute; Senior Partner, McKinsey, San Francisco

Judith A. McHale, President and CEO, Cane Investments, LLC, Hastings on Hudson; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs; former President and Chief Executive Officer, Discovery Communications

Thomas F. McLarty , III, President, McLarty Asssociates, Washington; former Chief of Staff to President William Clinton

Lourdes Melgar, Program Director at DAI and Board Member at Grupo Santander Energy and Sustainability Scholar

Antonio Ortiz-Mena, Senior Vice President, ASG

Jami Miscik, President and Vice Chairman, Kissinger Associates, Inc., New York; former Deputy Director for Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency

Andrea Mitchell

Andrea Mitchell, Spouse of Alan Greenspan (former Chairman of the Federal Reserve), Chief Foreign Affairs Correspondent, NBC News, Washington

Susan Molinari, Vice President for Public Policy, Google, Inc., Washington; Former Member of Congress

Admiral Michael Mullen (Ret.), CEO, MGM Consulting, Annapolis; former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Heather Munroe-Blum, Chairperson, Canada Pension Plan Investment Board, Toronto; Principal Emerita and Professor, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University

Lori Esposito Murray, Distinguished Chair for National Security, U.S. Naval Academy; former President & Chief Executive Officer, World Affairs Councils of America; former Special Advisor to the President on the Chemical Weapons Convention; former Assistant Director, U.S. Arms Control & Disarmament Agency

Scott Nathan, CEO, Atlantic Neptune, Washington; former Associate Director for General Government Programs (GGP) at the Office of Management and Budget

John D. Negroponte, Vice Chairman, McLarty Associates, Washington; former Deputy Secretary of State; former Director of National Intelligence; former Ambassador to the United Nations, Honduras, Mexico, the Philippines and Iraq

Michelle Nunn, President and CEO, CARE USA, Atlanta

Joseph S. Nye, Jr.

*Joseph S. Nye, Jr., University Distinguished Service Professor and former Dean, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge; former Chair, National Intelligence Council; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs; former North American Chairman, Trilateral Commission

Ben Nye, Chief Executive Officer, Turbonomic, Boston; former Executive Secretary and Senior Advisor, Department of Treasury

Michael Olshan, Managing Partner, O-Corp Investments, New York

*Meghan L. O’Sullivan, Evron and Jeane Kirkpatrick Professor of the Practice of International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge; former Special Assistant to President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Iraq and Afghanistan; North American Chairman, Trilateral Commission

Eric Pelletier, Vice President and Head of International Government Affairs at Alibaba, New York; former Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs

David Petraeus

David Petraeus, Chairman of the KKR Global Institute, Washington; former Director of the CIA and Commander of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan

John A. Quelch, Leonard M. Miller University Professor and Vice Provost, University of Miami. Dean, Miami Business School. Former Senior Associate Dean, Harvard Business School. Former Dean, London Business School. Former Dean, China Europe International Business School, Miami

John Risley, President of CFFI Ventures Inc, Bedford

David M. Rubenstein, Co-founder and Managing Director, The Carlyle Group, Washington

*Luis Rubio, President, Mexican Council on Foreign Relations; Chairman, Center for Research Development (CIDAC), Mexico City

Wayne Safro, Managing Director, Global Wealth Management, UBS, New York

Indira Samarasekera, Corporate Director and Senior Advisor for Bennett Jones LLP, Vancouver

David Sanger, Chief Washington Correspondent, The New York Times, Adjunct Lecturer in Public Policy, Harvard University, Cambridge

Eric Schmidt

Eric Schmidt, Technical Advisor and Board Member, Alphabet, Inc (Google)

Susan Schwab, Professor, Maryland School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, College Park; former U.S. Trade Representative

Gerald Seib, Executive Washington Editor, The Wall Street Journal, Washington

*Jaime Serra, Chairman, SAI Law and Economics; Founder, Aklara, the Arbitration Center of Mexico, and the NAFTA Fund of Mexico, Mexico City; former Deputy Chairman, North American Trilateral Commission

Rajiv Shah, President, Rockefeller Foundation; Distinguished Fellow in Residence, Edward A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington; former Administrator, U.S. Agency for International Development

Wendy Sherman,, Director, Center for Public Practice, Harvard Kennedy School, Professor of Practice of Public Leadership, Senior Advisor, Albright Stonebridge Group; Resident Fellow, Harvard Kennedy School Institute of Politics; former Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs

Jeffrey Simpson, retired, National Affairs Columnist, The Globe and Mail, Toronto

Olympia Snowe

Olympia Snowe, Former U.S. Senator; Senior Fellow, Bipartisan Policy Center, Portland

Cecilia Soto Gonzalez, Federal Congresswoman, Mexico City

Nancy Southern, President and Chief Executive Officer, ATCO Ltd. and Canadian Utilities Limited, Calgary

*James B. Steinberg, former dean of Maxwell School, and University Professor of Social Science, International Affairs and Law, Syracuse University, Syracuse; former Deputy Secretary of State, former Deputy National Security Advisor

Bret Stephens, Op-Ed Columnist, The New York Times, New York

Jake Sullivan, Visiting Fellow, Yale Law School, Hanover NH; Former Director of Policy Planning at Department of State

*Carole Taylor, Chancellor Emeritus, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver; former Minister of Finance, British Columbia; former Chair, CBC/Radio-Canada; former Chair, Canada Ports; public affairs broadcaster

Luis Téllez Kuenzler, Special Advisor, KKR; President, NTT Everis; former Chairman of the Board, Mexican Stock Exchange, Mexico City; former Secretary of Communications and Transportation of Mexico

G. Richard Thoman

G. Richard Thoman, Managing Partner, Corporate Perspectives, New York; Adjunct Professor of International Business, Columbia University; Professor of Practice in International Business, the Fletcher School, Tufts University; former President and Chief Executive Officer, Xerox Corporation; former Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, IBM Corporation

Michael Tiedemann, Founding Partner, Tiedemann Advisors, New York

*Frances Townsend, Senior Vice President, Worldwide Government, Legal and Business Affairs, MacAndrews & Forbes Inc., New York; former Assistant to the President for Homeland Security

Louis Vega, VP Government Affairs & Advocacy for the Dow Chemical Company, Washington

Melanne Verveer, Executive Director, Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security, Georgetown University, Washington

Guillermo F. Vogel, Director and Vice President of the Board, Tenaris, Mexico City

Paul Volcker

*Paul Volcker, former Chairman, President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board; former Chairman, Wolfensohn & Co., Inc., New York; Frederick H. Schultz Professor Emeritus, International Economic Policy, Princeton University; former Chairman, Board of Governors, U.S. Federal Reserve System; Honorary North American Chairman and former North American Chairman of the Trilateral Commission

Yuen Pau Woo, Senator, Senate of Canada, Ottawa

Robert Zoellick, Chairman, AllianceBernstein, New York; former President, The World Bank

Daniel Yergin, Vice Chairman, IHS, Cambridge


Alesha Black, Director, Global Food & Agriculture Program, Chicago Council on Global Affairs, Chicago

David Borcsok, Fund Manager, RBC Generator Fund, Toronto

Jessica Brandt

Jessica Brandt, Fellow, Head of Research and Policy at the Alliance for Securing Democracy, Washington

Matthew Devlin, Global Lead for International Relations, Uber Technologies, New York

Elisa Lavore Fanjul, Consultant, Labor Market Division of the IDB, Mexico

Mohammad Keyhani, Assistant Professor, Entrepreneurship and Innovation Strategy and Global Management, Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary, Alberta

Jessica Ji Eun Lee, Director, Policy and Advocacy, Council of Korean Americans, Washington

Laura McGee, Founder & CEO, Diversio, Canada

Tzitzi Moran, Consultant, Inter American Development Bank, Mexico City

Latham Saddler, Linguist, Navy Officer, White House Fellow

Loren Delonge Schulman, Deputy Director of Studies and the Leon E. Panetta Senior Fellow, Center for a New American Security, Washington

Andrew Sweet, Associate Partner, Dalberg Global Development Advisors, Johannesburg

Samantha Vinograd, Public Policy Lead, Stripe, San Francisco

Joshua W. Walker, Founding Dean, APCO Institute, APCO Worldwide, Washington

Ali Wyne, Policy analyst, RAND Corporation, Washington

Juan Pablo Zorrilla, Co-Founder, Co-CEO, Resolves, Mexico


Lael Brainard, Member, U.S. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, Washington

Ken Juster, current U.S. Ambassador to India, the former Chairman of Freedom House, and the Vice Chairman of the Asia Foundation, and member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Academy of Diplomacy.

*Executive Committee

European Group

European Chair

European Deputy Chair

European Deputy Chairman

Honorary European Chair

European Honorary Chair

European Honorary Chair

European Director

Ann-Kristin Achleitner, Scientific Director of the Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS), Technische Universität München (TUM), Munich

Nuno Amado, Chairman of the Executive Committee, Millennium bcp, Porto Salvo

*Peter Andronov, Country Manager KBC Group, CEO of UBB, Sofia

Vyara Ankova, Executive Director, Nova Broadcasting Group, Sofia

Jacques Aschenbroich, Chairman and CEO, Valeo, Paris

Jerzy Baczyński, Editor-in-Chief, Polityka, Warsaw

*Estela Barbot, Member of the Board & Audit Committee at REN – Redes Energéticas Nacinais;President of the General Council at Universidade NOVA de Lisboa; former Director, Bank Santander Negócios; former Member of the Board & Audit Committee at the IFD – Financial Institution for Development, Porto

Ornella Barra, Chief Operating Officer, Walgreens Boots Alliance, London

*Ladislav Bartoníček, Chief Executive Officer, SOTIO; PPF Group Shareholder, Prague

Oliver Bäte, Chief Executive Officer, Allianz, Munich

Marek Belka, Member of the European Parliament, ECON Committee (S&D Group), Brussels; former President, National Bank of Poland; former Prime Minister and Minister of Finance of Poland, Warsaw

Dick Benschop, President & Chief Executive Officer, Royal Schiphol Group, Schiphol; former Deputy Foreign Minister of The Netherlands

Baron Jean-Pierre Berghmans, Chairman, Lhoist Group, Limelette, Belgium

*Georges Berthoin, International Honorary Chairman, European Movement; Honorary Chairman, The Jean Monnet Association; Honorary European Chairman, The Trilateral Commission, Paris

*Carl Bildt, Co-Chair, European Council on Foreign Relations; former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden; former Chairman, Nordic Venture Network, Stockholm; former Member of the Swedish Parliament, Chairman of the Moderate Party and Prime Minister of Sweden; former European Union High Representative in Bosnia-Herzegovina & UN Special Envoy to the Balkans; European Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission

Manfred Bischoff, Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Daimler AG, Munich; former Member of the Board of Management, Daimler AG; former Chairman, EADS

*Franjo Bobinac, President of the Management Board of Gorenje Group, Ljubljana; Vice President for Marketing, Hisense International Co. Ltd.; Honorary Consul of Monaco

Jean-Louis Bourlanges, former Member, State Audit Court (Cour des Comptes), Paris; Associated Professor, Institute for Political Studies in Paris; former Member of the European Parliament, Brussels; former President of the European Movement in France, Paris

*Dame Nicola Brewer, Vice-Provost (International), University College, London

Samir Brikho, former Chief Executive Officer, Amec Foster Wheeler, London

Jean-Louis Bruguière, former Judge on anti-terrorism; former EU High Representative to the United States on the Terrorism Finance Tracking Programme (TFTP/SWIFT), Paris

John Bruton, former Taoiseach (Prime Minister) of Ireland, Dublin; former European Union Ambassador Head, Delegation of the European Commission to the United States

Patrick Buffet, former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, ERAMET; Chairman of P.B.A. Sas; Member of Supervisory Boards or Senior advisor for industrial and insurance companies; Member of the French “Académie des Technologies”, Paris

François Bujon de l’Estang, Ambassadeur de France; Chairman, FBE International Consultants, Paris; former Chairman, Citi France; former Ambassador to the United States

Luis de Carlos, Managing Partner, Uría Menéndez Abogados, Madrid

*Jaime Castellanos, Chairman, Lazard Spain; Chairman, Willis TowersWatson Iberia, Madrid

Gianluigi Castelli, Chairman, Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane (Italian State Railways), Rome

Heinrich Christen, Partner, BLR & Partners AG; former Managing Partner Switzerland and Liechtenstein, Ernst & Young, Zürich

Bertrand Collomb, Honorary Chairman, Lafarge; Member of the Institut de France, Paris

Patrick Combes, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Compagnie Financière Tradition and Viel & Cie., Paris

*Richard Conroy, Chairman, Conroy Gold and Natural Resources, Dublin; Member of Senate, Republic of Ireland

Eduardo Costa, Executive Vice Chairman, Banco Finantia, Lisbon; Member, Forum Portugal Global

Vivienne Cox, Chairman, Vallourec, France; Member of the Board, BG Group, London

*Enrico Tommaso Cucchiani, former Group Chief Executive Officer, Intesa Sanpaolo, Milan; Founding Partner and Chief Executive Officer, TGI (Think Global Investments), London

Caroline Daniel, Partner, Brunswick Group; former Editor, FT Weekend, Financial Times, London

Yves-Louis Darricarrère, Senior Advisor, Lazard Frères Bank; Senior Lecturer in Energy Geopolitics, Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris; former Member of the Executive Committee of Total and former CEO of Total Upstream, Total Exploration and Production and Total Gas and Power, Paris

Marta Dassù

Marta Dassù, Senior Director of European Affairs, The Aspen Institute; Editor-in-Chief, Aspenia, Aspen Institute Italia; former Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs, Rome

Sol Daurella, Chair, Coca-Cola European Partners, Madrid

Michel David-Weill, former Chairman, Lazard LLC, worldwide; Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Eurazeo, Paris

Thierry Déau, Founding Partner, Chief Executive Officer, Meridiam Infrastructure, Paris

Marie-Ange Debon, Group Suez Senior Executive Vice President in charge of France, Italy and Central Europe, Paris

Jean-Luc Decornoy, former Partner, KPMG France; former Deputy Chairman, KPMG EMA, Paris

Admiral Giampaolo Di Paola, former Italian Minister of Defence; former Chairman of the NATO Military Committee, Livorno

Vladimír Dlouhý, President of the Czech Chamber of Commerce; International Advisor, Goldman Sachs; former Czechoslovak Minister of Economy; former Czech Minister of Industry & Trade, Prague

Ralf Dörig, Chairman, Swiss Life; Chairman, Adecco Group, Zurich

Ivana Dragičević-Veličković, Executive Producer, International News at N1 Television, CNN affiliate for Adria Region, Zagreb

Aleksandra Drecun, Director of Intersection – Center for Science and Innovation, Belgrade; President, Harvard Club of Serbia; Co-Chair of the Woman’s Government of Serbia

Karsten Dybvad, Chairman, Danske Bank, Copenhagen; former Director General and Chief Executive Officer, Confederation of Danish Industry

Trine Eilertsen, Political Editor, Aftenposten, Oslo

Guy Elliott, Deputy Chairman, SAB Miller plc; non executive director, Royal Dutch Shell plc; former Chief Financial Officer, Rio Tinto, London

Manuel Falcó, Global Co-Head of Banking, Capital Markets and Advisory, Citi, London

Franz Fischler, President, European Forum, Alpbach, Vienna; former Member of the European Commission (Agriculture)

Jürgen Fitschen, Senior Advisor – former Chief Executive Officer, Deutsche Bank AG, Frankfurt-am- Main; former President, Association of German Banks (BDB), Berlin; Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Ceconomy AG

Mark FitzPatrick, Chief Financial Officer, Prudential, London

Seamus FitzPatrick, Co-Founder, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Partner, CapVest Associates, London and Dublin

Klaus-Dieter Frankenberger, Foreign Editor, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Frankfurt-am-Main

Simon Freakley, Co-Chief Executive Officer, Alix Partners, London

Louise Fresco, President of the Executive Board, Wageningen University & Research; former Member of the Board of Non-executive Directors, Unilever; former Member of the Supervisory Board of Rabobank; former Assistant Director-General, Head of Agriculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome

Luc Frieden, Chairman of the Board of Directors, Banque Internationale à Luxembourg; Chairman of the Board, St Paul Luxembourg; former Minister of Finance, Defence and Justice, Luxembourg

Hugh Friel, former Chief Executive Officer of Kerry Group plc, and former Chairman of Tourism Ireland

Uwe Fröhlich, Co-Chief Executive Officer, DZ Bank, Frankfurt am Main

*Michael Fuchs, former Member of the German Bundestag, Berlin; former Deputy Chairman of the CDU/CSU Parliamentary Group; former President, National Federation of German Wholesale & Foreign Trade

Sigmar Gabriel, former Member of the German Bundestag; Chairman, Atlantik-Brücke; former Foreign Minister of Germany, Berlin

Cristina Garmendia, Chair, SILO; Chair, Cotec Foundation, Madrid; SYGNIS (Spain-Germany); former Spanish Minister of Science and Innovation, Madrid

Ignacio Garralda, Chairman, Mutua Madrileña, Madrid

Brian Gilvary, Group Chief Financial Officer, British Petroleum plc, London

Sinead Gorman, Executive Vice President Finance Integrated Gas & New Energies, Shell International Exploration and Production, The Hague

Patrizia Grieco, Chairman, Enel, Rome

Vittorio Grilli, Chairman of Italy and Chairman of the Corporate & Investment Bank, EMEA at J.P. Morgan, London; former Minister of Finance of Italy

Elisabeth Guigou, former Member of the French National Assembly and Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee; former Minister for European Affairs, Paris; President, Anna Lindh Foundation

Christian Gut, Chief Executive Officer, Prosegur, Madrid

Håkon Haugli, Chief Executive Officer, Innovation Norway; former Member of the Norwegian Parliament, Oslo

*Beat Hess, Chairman of the Board, LafargeHolcim, Zürich

*Nigel Higgins, Chairman, Barclays plc, London

Alexandra de Hoop Scheffer, Senior Transatlantic Fellow and Director of The German Marshall Fund’s Paris Office; Head GMF Transatlantic Security Task Force

Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, former Secretary General of NATO and Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, The Hague

*Satu Huber, Chief Executive Officer, Elo Mutual Pension Insurance Company, Helsinki

Vivian Hunt, Managing Partner, McKinsey & Company, London

Michael Inacker, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, WMP EuroCom, Berlin

*Mugur Isarescu, Governor, National Bank of Romania, Bucharest; former Prime Minister

Wolfgang Ischinger, Chairman, Munich Security Conference; Senior Professor for Security Policy and Diplomatic Practice, Hertie School of Governance, Berlin; former German Ambassador to US and UK, former German Deputy Foreign Minister

Julia Jäkel, Chief Executive Officer, Gruner + Jahr; Chair, Bertelsmann Content Alliance, Hamburg

Lady Barbara Judge, Chairman, Astana Financial Services Authority; Chairman, Cifas, the UK fraud prevention agency, former Chairman, UK Pension Protection Fund, London; former Chairman, UKAEA (United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority); former US Securities Exchange Commissioner

Rastislav Káčer, Chairman, Globsec; former Ambassador of Slovakia to the United States

Sylvie Kauffmann, Editorial Director and Foreign Affairs columnist, Le Monde, Paris; contributing writer, the New York Times

Piia-Noora Kauppi, Chief Executive Officer, Finance Finland, Helsinki

Yasmine Kherbache, Member of the Flemish Parliament, Antwerp; former Chief of Staff of the Prime Minister of Belgium

Sir John Kingman, Chairman, Legal & General Group plc; Chair of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), London

Klaas Knot, President, Dutch Central Bank, Amsterdam

*Jovan Kovačić, President, East West Bridge; Chief Executive Officer, GCA Global Communications Associates Ltd; CEO of Henderson Asset Protection, Serbia; former Advisor to the Serbian Government, Belgrade

Árpád Kovács, Chairman, Fiscal Council of Hungary; Professor, Szeged University; former President, State Audit Office of Hungary, Budapest

Gábor Kovács, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Bankar Holding; Founder, KOGART (Kovács Gábor Art Foundation), Budapest

Jerzy Koźmiński, President and Chief Executive Officer, Polish-American Freedom Foundation; former Ambassador to the United States; former First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Warsaw

Idar Kreutzer, Chief Executive Officer, Finance Norway, Oslo

*Ulysses Kyriacopoulos, Member of the Board and former Chairman, Imerys Industrial Minerals Greece; former Chairman, Federation of Greek Industries, Athens

Francisco de Lacerda, Chairman Banco CTT, Lisbon; NED Endesa, Madrid; Former CEO, CTT (Portugal Post), Lisbon

Count Alexander Lambsdorff, Member of the German Bundestag and Deputy Chairman of the FDP Parliamentary Group, Berlin; former Member of the European Parliament

*Kurt Lauk, former Member of the European Parliament (EPP Group-CDU); Chairman, Globe Capital Partners, Stuttgart; President, Economic Council of the CDU Party, Berlin; former Member of the Board, DaimlerChrysler, Stuttgart

*Eli Leenaars, Vice-Chairman Wealth Management, UBS AG, Zurich, Switzerland; former Member of the Executive Board, ING Group NV and ING Bank NV, Amsterdam

*Jean Lemierre, Chairman, BNP Paribas, Paris; former President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

*Thomas Leysen, Chairman, KBC Group; Chairman of the Board, Umicore, Brussels

*Bo Lidegaard, Writer; Contributor and former Executive Editor-in-Chief, Politiken, Copenhagen

Tove Lifvendahl, Political Editor-in-Chief, Svenska Dagbladet, Stockholm

Joy Lo Dico, Columnist and Executive Editor, The Evening Standard, London

Peter Lukeš, Serial Entrepreneur and Investor; Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Ditec, Bratislava

*Franjo Luković, former Chairman of the Management Board, Zagrebačka Banka – UniCredit Group, Zagreb

*Monica Maggioni, Chief Executive Office, RaiCom, Rome

Cecilia Malmström, former European Commissioner for Trade, European Commission, Brussels

Hervé Mariton, former Member of the French National Assembly; former Minister for Overseas Territories, Paris

Victor Massiah, Chief Executive Officer, Ubi Banca, Bergamo

Giampiero Massolo, Chairman, Fincantieri, Rome; former Italian Ambassador

Lord Maude of Horsham, Member of the House of Lords; former Minister for Europe and Trade; FMA Partners; Senior Adviser Covington and Burling, London

Carlo Messina, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, Intesa Sanpaolo, Milan

Staffan de Mistura, former United Nations Special Envoy for Syria, Milan

Peter Mitterbauer, Honorary President, The Federation of Austrian Industry, Vienna; President and Chief Executive Officer, Miba, Laakirchen

Dominique Moïsi, Senior Counsellor, Institut Montaigne, Paris; Professor, King’s College, London

Maurizio Molinari, Director, La Stampa, Turin

*Mario Monti, Member of the Italian Senate; President, Bocconi University, Milan; former President of the Council of Ministers, Italy; former Member of the European Commission (Competition Policy and Internal Market); Honorary President, BRUEGEL, Brussels; Honorary European Chairman, Trilateral Commission

Klaus-Peter Müller, former Chairman of the Board, Commerzbank, Frankfurt-am-Main; former CEO, Commerzbank, Frankfurt-am-Main; former President, Association of German Banks (BDB), Berlin

Manuel Muñiz, Dean, Rafael del Pino Professor of Practice of Global Leadership, IE School of Global and Public Affairs, Madrid

Arkadiusz Muś, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Press Glass; Vice President, Polish Business Roundtable, Warsaw

Claudia Nemat, Member of the Board of Management, Deutsche Telekom, Bonn

Ewald Nowotny, Governor of the Austrian National Bank; former Chief Executive Officer, BAWAG P.S.K., Vienna

Sean O’Driscoll, Director and Advisor, Glen Dimplex Group, Dublin

*Andrzej Olechowski, Chairman, Supervisory Board, Bank Handlowy; Professor, Vistula University; former Minister of Foreign Affairs and of Finance, Warsaw

Lucas Papademos, Member and former President of the Academy of Athens and holder of the Chair in Economic Sciences; Honorary Governor of the Bank of Greece; Senior Fellow at the Center for Financial Studies, Goethe University, Frankfurt; former Prime Minister of Greece; former Vice- President of the European Central Bank, Athens

*Alexandra Papalexopoulou, Group Strategic Planning Director, Titan Cement Company, Athens; European Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission

Claudia Parzani, Western Europe Managing Partner, Linklaters; Chairman, Allianz S.p.A., Milan

Stephen Peel, Founder, SMP Policy Innovation; former Senior Partner of TPG Capital, London and Hong Kong

Joachim Pfeiffer, Member of the German Bundestag and spokesperson for economic policy of the CDU/CSU party, Berlin

*Ursula Plassnik, Ambassador of Austria to Switzerland; former Member of the Austrian Parliament; U.N. Special Envoy for International Women Issues; former Federal Minister for European and International Affairs, Vienna

Rosen Plevneliev, former President of the Republic of Bulgaria, Sofia

*Borja Prado, Co-Founder of Peninsula Capital, Madrid, London; Director of the Board of Mediaset España, Madrid

Marc Puig, Chairman and CEO, Puig, Barcelona

Rasvan Radu, Chief Executive Officer, UniCredit Tiriac Bank, Bucharest

Maria Rankka, Executive Vice President, Business Development Takura, Stockholm

Olli Rehn, Chairman of the Board, Bank of Finland, Helsinki; former European Commissioner

Monika Ribar, Chairwoman, Swiss Federal Railways (SBB), Zurich

Jon Riberas, Chairman and CEO, Gonvarri Steel Industries, Madrid

Gianfelice Rocca, Chairman, Techint Group of Companies, Milan

Lars Rohde, Governor by Royal Appointment, Chairman of the Board of Governors, National Bank of Denmark, Copenhagen

Jean-Pierre Roth, Member of the Board of Directors of MKS (Switzerland); former Chairman of the Swiss National Bank, Geneva

Pietro Salini, Chief Executive Officer, Salini Impregilo, Milan

Ilkka Salonen, Chairman, East Office of Finnish Industries, Helsinki

Michael Schaefer, Chairman of the Board, BMW Foundation Herbert Quandt, Berlin; former German Ambassador to China

*Magnus Schöldtz, Senior Advisor, Wallenberg Foundations AB; former Swedish Ambassador, Stockholm

Maurizio Sella, Chairman, Gruppo Banca Sella, Biella; former Chairman, Association of Italian Banks (A.B.I.), Rome

Tomasz Sielicki, Chairman, Sygnity, Warsaw

Sławomir Sikora, President and Chief Executive Officer, Bank Handlowy w Warszawie; Citi Country Officer, responsible for Citigroup’s operations in Poland, Warsaw

Miroslav Singer, former Governor, Czech National Bank, Prague

*Kristin Skogen Lund, Chief Executive Officer, Schibsted Media Group; former Director General, Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO), Oslo

Anne Skovbro, CE0, CPH City & Port Development, Copenhagen

Harald Solberg, Chief Executive Officer, Norwegian Shipowners’ Association; former State Secretary in the Ministry of Finance, Oslo

*Ivan Šramko, Chairman of Council for Budget Responsibility; former Governor of the National Bank of Slovakia, Bratislava

Keir Starmer, Member of the British Parliament; Shadow Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, London

István Stumpf, Justice, The Constitutional Court of Hungary; former Deputy Prime Minister, Budapest

*György Surányi, Professor of Finance, Corvinus University, Budapest; former Regional Head of Central Eastern Europe, Intesa Sanpaolo Group; former Chairman, Central European International Bank (CIB); former President of the National Bank of Hungary

Emil Tedeschi, President and Chief Executive Officer, Atlantic Grupa, Zagreb

Andreas Treichl, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Erste Group Bank AG, Vienna

*Jean-Claude Trichet, Chairman, Group of Thirty; Chairman, Bruegel, Brussels; Honorary Governor, Banque de France; former President of the European Central Bank; European Chairman, Trilateral Commission, Paris

Marco Tronchetti Provera, Executive Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Pirelli & C., Milan; Deputy Chairman, Confindustria, Rome; former Chairman, Telecom Italia

Liviu Tudor, Owner, Genesis Property; General Secretary of the Romanian Chapter, The Club of Rome, Bucharest

Baron Frans Van Daele, Honorary Chief of Staff, HM the King of Belgium, Brussels

Count Herman Van Rompuy, President of the European Council emeritus; former Prime Minister of Belgium; President, European Policy Centre, Brussels

*Raivo Vare, Entrepreneur and Statesman serving on Supervisory Boards in Estonia; former Minister of State and former Minister of Transport and Communication, Tallinn

Zivorad Vasic, Vice President, Delta Holding, Belgrade; Regional Director, Intercontinental Hotels Group for Crowne Plaza Belgrade, InterContinental Ljubljana, Bucharest and Sofia

*George Vassiliou, former Head of the Negotiating Team for the Accession of Cyprus to the European Union; former President of the Republic of Cyprus; former Member of Parliament and Leader of United Democrats, Nicosia

Jeroen van der Veer, Chairman of the Supervisory Boards, Koninklijke Philips N.V., Royal Boskalis Westminster N.V. and Technical University of Delft; Board member, Equinor; former Chief Executive Officer, Royal Dutch Shell; former Chairman of the Supervisory Board, ING Group, Amsterdam

Marco Veremis, Executive Chairman of the Board, Upstream SA, Athens

Christian Vollmann, Digital Entrepreneur ( & Business Angel (ResearchGate, SumUp, Trivago, Airhelp); Board Member German Startups Association, Berlin

Jacob Wallenberg, Chairman, Investor AB; Vice Chairman, ABB Ltd, Ericsson AB; Board Member, Nasdaq Inc., Stockholm

Axel Weber, Chairman of the Board, UBS Group AG, Zürich; former President of the Deutsche Bundesbank

Heinrich Weiss, Chief Executive Officer, SMS Group, Düsseldorf; former Chairman, German-Russian Chamber of Commerce; former Chairman, German-Chinese Business Council; former Chairman, Economic Advisory Council of the CDU-Party

Hans Wijers, Deputy Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell; Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Heineken, Amsterdam; non-Executive Director, GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), London; former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Akzo Nobel; former Dutch Minister for Economic Affairs; former Senior Partner, BCG

Lord Willetts, Member of the House of Lords, London; Chairman, Resolution Foundation; former Minister for Universities and Science

Matthias Wissmann, President of the International Automobile Manufacturers’ Association Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d’Automobiles (OICA); Partner at the international law firm Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr, Berlin; former Member of the German Bundestag and former Federal Minister

Corien Wortmann-Kool, Chairman of the Board, ABP Pension Fund, Amsterdam; Member of the Supervisory Board AEGON NV; Vice President European People’s Party and former Member of European Parliament and Vice Chair of EPP Parliamentary Group

Merja Ylä-Anttila, Chief Executive Officer, Yleisradio Oy (Finnish Broadcasting Company), Helsinki


Fouad M. T. Alghanim, Chairman, Fouad Alghanim & Sons Group of Companies, Kuwait

Sheikh Humaid Bin Ali Bin Sultan Al-Maani, Diwan of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Sultanate of Oman; former Ambassador to France and to India

Karim El Aynaoui, President, Policy Center for the New South; Dean, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences of the Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Morocco

Jacob A. Frenkel, Chairman, JPMorgan Chase International, JPMorgan Chase & Co., New York; Chairman of the Board of Trustees, The Group of Thirty (G30); former Governor, Bank of Israel

Mmusi Maimane, Leader of “Democratic Alliance” political party, South Africa

Fouad Makhzoumi, Chairman of Future Group; Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Future Pipe Industries, Lebanon

Güler Sabancı, Chairman, Hacı Ömer Sabancı Holding A.Ş., İstanbul

Igor Yurgens, Chairman of the Management Board of the Institute of Contemporary Development (INSOR), Moscow


Rebecca Adler-Nissen, Professor, Institute of Political Sciences, University of Copenhagen; Director of Diploface

Diego del Alcázar, Executive Vice Chairman, IE Business School & IE University, Madrid

Mark Boris Andrijanič, Public Policy Associate (CEE), Uber Technologies, Warsaw

Alexia Bertrand, Chief of Staff to Deputy Prime Minister of Belgium, Brussels

Jane Burston, Director, Clean Air Fund, London

Edoardo Campanella, Eurozone Economist, UniCredit Bank, Milan

Ferdinando Giugliano, Columnist and Editorial Writer, Bloomberg View, Rome

Marta Guzzafame, Project Leader (Strategy & Digital), The Boston Consulting Group, Madrid

Niki Kerameus, Member of the Hellenic Parliament; Kerameus & Partners Law Firm, Athens

Christian Nordholtz, Partner and German M&A lawyer, GÖHMANN Lawyers, Hanover

*Claudia Olsson, CEO, Exponential AB, Stockholm (DRF Representative)

Antonio Poncioni, Senior Advisor, Sovereign Advisory Team, Lazard, Lisbon

Zita Schellekens, Director Corporate Relations, HEINEKEN the Netherlands

Christophe Schramm, Manager New Technologies, Solvay Specialty Polymers – Business Incubation, Milan

Ludovic Subran, Head of Macroeconomic Research, Allianz and Euler Hermes, Paris

Matteo Villa, Research Fellow, the Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI), Milan


Anna Ekström, Minister for Education in Sweden, Stockholm

Kolinda Grabar Kitarović, President of the Republic of Croatia, Zagreb

Elsbeth Tronstad, State Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway

Margrethe Vestager, Member of the European Commission (Competition), Brussels

*Executive Committee


Asia Pacific Chair

Asia Pacific Deputy Chair

Asia Pacific Deputy Chair

Asia Pacific Honary Chairman

Asia Pacific Director

(Chinese and Korean names are listed surname first)

Teruo Asada, Senior Corporate Advisor and Member of the Board, Marubeni Corporation, Tokyo

Bark Taeho, President, Lee & Ko Global Commerce Institute, Seoul; Professor Emeritus and former Dean, Graduate School of International studies, Seoul National University, Seoul; former Trade Minister of Korea; former Chairman, International Trade Commission of Korea

*Chen Naiqing, Former Vice President of the Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs, Beijing

Cho Hyun Joon, Chairman and CEO, Hyosung Group, Seoul

Chung Mong-Joon, Chairman, The Asan Foundation, Seoul; Former Member, Korean National Assembly

Cesar Consing, President of the Bank of the Philippines Islands (BPI), Manila

*Tarun Das, Chairman, Institute of Economic Growth; Founding Trustee, Ananta Aspen Centre, New Delhi

*Barry Desker, Distinguished Fellow, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore; Asia Pacific Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission

*Naushad Forbes, Co-Chairman, forbes Marshall Pvt. Ltd.; Chairman, Ananta Aspen Centre, New Delhi

Takuya Fujii, Chief Director, The Shimonaka Memorial Foundation, Tokyo

Ichiro Fujisaki, President, Nakasone Yasuhiro Peace Institute; President of America-Japan Society; former Japanese Ambassador to the United States

Yoichi Funabashi, Chairman, Asia Pacific Initiative; former Editor-in-Chief, The Asahi Shimbun, Tokyo

Jamshyd Godrej, Chairman & Managing Director, Godrej and Boyce Manufacturing Co. Ltd., New Delhi

Quentin Grafton, Professor, Crawford School of Public Policy, ANU; Chairholder, UNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transboundary Water Governance; Director, FE2W Network; Editor-in- Chief, Policy

Allan Gyngell, Convenor, Coombs Forum; Director, Crawford Australian Leadership Forum

Toyoo Gyohten, Honorary Advisor, Institute for International Monetary Affairs; Honorary Advisor, MUFG Bank, Ltd., Tokyo

Han Sung-Joo, Honorary Chairman, The International Policy Studies Institute of Korea (IPSIKOR), Seoul; Professor Emeritus, Korea University; former Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs; former Korean Ambassador to the United States; Honorary Asia Pacific group member

Yasuchika Hasegawa, Honorary Chairman, Asia Pacific Group, Trilateral Commission; Former Chairman, Takeda Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.; former Chairman, Japan Association of Corporate Executives (Keizai Doyukai), Tokyo

*John R. Hewson, Professor and Chair Tax and Transfer Policy Institute , Crawford School of Public Policy, ANU; former Leader, Federal Opposition, Australia

Nobuyuki Hirano, Chairman and Member of the Board of Directors, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Inc.;Member of the Board of Directors, MUFG Bank, Ltd., Tokyo

Hong Seok-Hyun, Chairman, JoongAng Holdings, Seoul; former Korean Ambassador to the United States; Honorary Deputy Chairman, Asia Pacific Group, Trilateral Commission

*Akinari Horii, Special Advisor and Member of the Board of Directors, The Canon Institute for Global Studies, Tokyo; Asia Pacific Treasurer, Trilateral Commission

Rastam Mohd Isa, Chairman of the Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia

Ren Ito, Executive Officer, Mercari Inc., Tokyo

*Jung Ku-hyun, President, The Seoul Forum for International Affairs, Seoul

Shigesuke Kashiwagi, President and Representative Director, Schroders Investment Management (Japan ) Limited., Tokyo

Eijiro Katsu, President COO, Internet Initiative Japan Inc., Tokyo

Bilahari Kausikan, Chairman, Middle East Institute, National University of Singapore; Former Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Singapore

Yuko Kawamoto, Professor, Waseda Business School (Graduate School of Business and Finance), Waseda University, Tokyo

Koichi Kawana, Director Vice Chairman, JGC Corporation, Tokyo

Kim Kihwan, International Advisor, Goldman Sachs, Seoul; Honorary Asia Pacific group member

Sanjay Kirloskar, Chairman and Managing Director, Kirloskar Brothers Ltd., Pune

Eizo Kobayashi, Senior Representative for Business Community Relations, ITOCHU Corporation, Tokyo

Izumi Kobayashi, Director and a member of the Board, ANA Holdings Inc., Tokyo

Mitsuomi Koizumi, Special Advisory Fellow, Japan Tabacco Inc., Tokyo

Akira Kojima, Senior Fellow, Japan Center for Economic Research ( JCER ); Member of the Board of Trustees and Visiting Professor at National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) and Ritusmeikan University (Kyoto); Chairman, World Trade Center Tokyo, Inc

Tom Kompas, Director, Crawford School of Public Policy, ANU; Director, Australian Centre for Biosecurity and Environmental Economics (ACBEE); Editor-in-Chief, Asia and the Pacific Policy Journal

Takeshi Kunibe, Chairman of the Board, Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group, Inc., Tokyo

Lawrence Lau, Ralph and Claire Landau Professor of Economics and former Vice-Chancellor/President, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Lee Hong Koo, Former Korean Prime Minister, Seoul ; Honorary Asia Pacific group member

Lee Jay Y., Vice Chairman, Samsung Electronics, Seoul

*Lee Shin-wha, Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Korea University, Seoul; Member on Public Diplomacy Committee, Korea

Lee Sook-Jong, President, East Asia Institute, Seoul; Professor, Graduate School of Governance, SungKyungKwan University

Li Zhaoxing, Former Foreign Minister of PRC, Beijing

Lu Shumin, Former Vice President of the Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs, Beijing

Mike Moore, Former New Zealand Ambassador to US; former Director-General, World Trade Organization, Geneva; former Prime Minister of New Zealand

Satoru Murase, Partner, Mayer Brown LLP, NY

Koji Nagai, Group CEO, Nomura Holdings, Inc.,Tokyo

Kuniharu Nakamura, Chairman of the Board of Directors, Sumitomo Corporation: Chairman, Japan Foreign Trade Council, Inc.

Hiroaki Nakanishi, Chairman of the Board and Representative Executive Officer, Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo; Chairman, Japan Business Federation (KEIDANREN)

Philip Ng, Chief Executive Officer, Far East Organization, Singapore

Knji Nishiura, Member of the Board, Executive Vice President, Mitsubishi Corporation, Tokyo

*Roberto F. de Ocampo, Chairman, Board of Advisors, RFO Center for Public Finance & Regional Economic Cooperation, Manila; former Philippine Secretary of Finance

*Akio Okawara, President, Japan Center for International Exchange., Tokyo

*Ryu Jin Roy, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Poongsan Group., Seoul; Asia Pacific Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission

Ruan Zongze, Executive Vice President of China Institute of International Studies, Beijing

Sakong Il, Chairman & CEO, Institute for Global Economics (IGE), Seoul; former Korean Minister of Finance; Honorary Asia Pacific group member

Kengo Sakurada, Chairman, Sompo Holdings, Inc., Tokyo; Chairman, Japan Association of Corporate Executives (Keizai Doyukai), Tokyo

Takayoshi Sato, President, MRA Foundation, Tokyo

Yasuhiro Sato, Chairman, Mizuho Financial Group, Inc., Tokyo

Shin Dong-Bin, Chairman, Lotte Group, Seoul

Tobby Simon, President, The Synergia Foundation, Bangalore

Sio Chi Wai, Deputy to the 13th National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China

Sivasamban, Vice President, Global Corporate Affairs, Tata Sons Limited

Jacob Soetoyo, Executive Director, The Gesit Companies, Jakarta

Sohn Jie-Ae, Professor, Ewha Womans University; Senior Communications Consultant for the Korean Green Growth Trust of the World Bank, Seoul

Yasuhisa Shiozaki, Former Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare; Member, Japanese House of Representatives; former Chief Cabinet Secretary, Tokyo

*Shigemitsu Sugisaki, Vice Chairman, Goldman Sachs Japan Co., Ltd., Tokyo; former Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Dato’ Sri Dr. Tahir, President & CEO, Mayapada Group, Jakarta

Akio Takahara, Professor, University of Tokyo

Keizo Takemi, Member, Japanese House of Councillors; Senior Fellow, Japan Center for International Exchange; former Vice Minister for Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan, Tokyo

*Akihiko Tanaka, President, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Tokyo; Asia Pacific Chairman, Trilateral Commission

Hitoshi Tanaka, Chairman, Institute for International Strategy (IIS), Japan Research Institute, Ltd., Tokyo; Senior Fellow, Japan Center for International Exchange; former Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs

Naoki Tanaka, President, Center for International Public Policy Studies, Tokyo

Nobuo Tanaka, Chairman of The Sasakawa Peace Foundation, Tokyo; former Executive Director of the International Energy Agency (IEA)

Somkiat Tangkitvanich, President, Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI)

Keiko Tashiro, Deputy President, Corporate Executive Officer and Member of the Board, Daiwa Securities Co, Ltd., Tokyo

Teh Kok Peng, Senior Advisor, China International Capital Corporation; Former Chairman, Ascendas Pte Ltd., Singapore

Kiyoshi Tsugawa, Former Board Member of Aozora Bank., Tokyo

Shingo Tsuji, President and CEO, Mori Building Co., Ltd.

Masaaki Tsuya, Chairman of the Board, CEO and Reresentative Executive Officer, Bridgestone Corporation., Tokyo

*Jusuf Wanandi, Senior Fellow and co-founder, Centre for Strategic and International Studies (Indonesia), Jakarta; Vice Chairman of the Board of Trustees CSIS Foundation

Lukito Wanandi, President Director, Santini Group, Jakarta

Hiroshi Watanabe, President, Institute for International Monetary Affairs, Tokyo

*Tarisa Watanagase, Former Governor of the Bank of Thailand

Michael Wesley, Director, Academic Outreach and Research, National Security College, Crawford School of Public Policy, ANU

Hassan Wirajuda, Former Foreign Minister of Indonesia, Jakarta

YY Wong, Chairman and Founder, Wywy Group, Singapore

Wu Xinbo, Director of the Center for American Studies and Executive Dean of the Institute of International Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai

Zhao Weiping, Vice President of the Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs, Beijing; Former Chinese Consulate General to Chicago

Zhou Wenzhong, Member of the Consultative and former Secretary-General of Boao Forum; Former Chinese Ambassador to U.S.; Former Vice Foreign Minister


Dhruva Jaishankar, Fellow, Brookings India, New Delhi

Alec James Yoshikazu Wagner, Director, Purple Prize, Purple Mai’a Foundation, Maui

*Yuito Yamada, Partner, McKinsey & Company, Tokyo (DRF Representative)


Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, External Affairs Minister of India

Na Kyung-Won, Member, Korean National Assembly, Seoul

Ong Keng Yong, Ambassador-at-Large, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Singapore; Executive Deputy Chairman, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University

*Executive Committee


Higher wages, more jobs not from Trump pro-business economy; instead credit goes to DOL for overtime exempt rule change

Business-beholden members of Congress are falsely boasting that their 2017 tax law has been responsible for less unemployment and slightly higher hourly wages.

They praise themselves and President Donald Trump for cutting corporate rates from 35% to 21%, eliminating most taxes on dividends and capital gains, doubling the exemption for inheritance tax, and dropping the tax for corporate foreign profits – laundered for years overseas – from 35% to 15%.

The most onerous claim is that because these tax cuts made rich people richer, the wealthy decided to hire more workers and give generous raises. It’s what they call: “trickle down economics.”

In practice none of this pollyana politics is true, logical or based upon any evidence, except the rantings of wealth-snobs who believe that even a little more – is too much – for the little people. Cake anyone?

The 2017 tax cuts for the upper class and their investments has led to record profits for Wall Street firms (some up 50% just this past year). Overall corporate wealth is burgeoning – indicated by our booming stock market. The more profits, the more valuable a business becomes, and the higher its stock price.

If the “trickle” had been used for workers, profits would have stabilized or dropped. Stock prices would have remained steady or slightly lower, as company valuations were not boosted with more tax cut induced dividends and reinvestment.

The real force behind more jobs, lower unemployment and higher wages is the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) decision to increase the minimum overtime threshold salary for low-level managers from $455 to $684 a week – a $189 raise equaling $4.73 more an hour. Old rule was $23,660 annually. Under the new law it’s $33,280, an added $9,620.

This 50% pay hike went into effect on Jan. 1, 2020, and U.S. businesses have been adjusting for at least a year, changing employment levels to eliminate the new rules’ more expensive overtime remuneration, and raising wages and salaries to reflect this new pro-worker reality.

Trickle Theory Works Well for the “Smart” Folks!

Until this month you could claim someone was exempt from overtime if they exceeded $455 weekly ($11.38 an hour). As exempt employees, you might require them to work six days or seven days a week, 12 or more hours a day, and still only receive their $455. Someone working under them could be paid $10 an hour and earn more than them with just four hours overtime (40 x 10 + (1.5 x 4 x 10)).

The old rules even allowed you to pay a “manager” that $455, and require them to supervise hourly workers earning $20 an hour, $30, $50, the sky was the limit.

This law went into effect in 2004 when President George Bush and his GOP-controlled House and Senate changed the rules on how overtime exemption was calculated. That’s when the $455 limit was established and the dollar amount has not changed until now.

Consider that the $8,060 salary limit set in 1975 was the equivalent of $38,301 today — far above last year’s $23,660 threshold. Every year, more and more Americans have been working extra hours for free.

The new overtime rule is less than the President Barack Obama decision in 2014 to double the salary threshold to $47,000. In a subsequent legal dispute, a federal judge in Texas ruled the change invalid in 2017, claiming that the DOL “exceeded its authority.”

$15 Minimum Wage Affects Millions from Bottom Up!

Why the change from the DOL under the current Republican administration? Corporations are facing higher local minimum wages as the $15-an-hour movement spreads.

Anticipating a $15 level in most jurisdictions, the DOL cleverly sets the new overtime exemption minimum rate at $17 an hour. That requires the lowest wage worker to need six hours overtime to reach the same weekly pay as the manager.

How does this work in the real world?

Imagine that you have 20 hourly workers at $10 an hour, plus four working managers at $455 salary with each “boss” putting in ten hours a day, or 50 hours a week. Under the new rules the managers became employees, and are entitled to a group’s total of 40 hours overtime pay at 150% of the usual rate.  At this point it’s cheaper to hire an additional employee for 40 hours, instead of paying overtime’s (1.5 x 40) 60 hours additional wages.

On a national scale the result of adding employees, instead of paying overtime, is more jobs and a lower unemployment rate.

But some managers are obviously just that, and suppose they now earn $700 a week. Won’t they ask for and receive a raise by pointing out they are just earning only $16 a week more than the minimum pay of $684, when there used to be a gap of $245?

All Workers Should Be Fairly Valued!

Higher wages for managers means more money overall for middle class consumers.

If managers do see their wages jump 1.5 times their old rate, won’t the people working under them also demand an equivalent percentage? They may not get the whole amount, but they will most likely receive a substantial increase.

There are currently 120 million U.S. workers, and 50 million of them are overtime exempt employees.

But imagine if the 2017 minimum of $47,000 had not been shot down by U.S. District Judge Amos Mazzant, who claimed the salary level was set too high. The judge ignored that the DOL spent two years working on the rule and reviewed nearly 300,000 public comments before adopting it.

That change would have more than doubled the salary minimum and immensely improved the lives of tens of millions of families.

The new law also allows some categories of workers not subject to either the minimum wage or overtime exempt rules:

Exemptions from Both Minimum Wage and Overtime Pay:

  1. Executive, administrative, and professional employees (including teachers and academic administrative personnel in elementary and secondary schools), outside sales employees, and employees in certain computer-related occupations (as defined in DOL regulations)
  2. Employees of certain seasonal amusement or recreational establishments, employees of certain small newspapers, seamen employed on foreign vessels, employees engaged in fishing operations, and employees engaged in newspaper delivery
  3. Farm workers employed by anyone who used no more than 500 “man-days” of farm labor in any calendar quarter of the preceding calendar year
  4. Casual babysitters and persons employed as companions to the elderly or infirm

Exemptions from Overtime Pay Only:

  1. Certain commissioned employees of retail or service establishments; auto, truck, trailer, farm implement, boat, or aircraft sales-workers; or parts-clerks and mechanics servicing autos, trucks, or farm implements, who are employed by non-manufacturing establishments primarily engaged in selling these items to ultimate purchasers
  2. Employees of railroads and air carriers, taxi drivers, certain employees of motor carriers, seamen on American vessels, and local delivery employees paid on approved trip rate plans
  3. Announcers, news editors, and chief engineers of certain non-metropolitan broadcasting stations
  4. Domestic service workers living in the employer’s home
  5. Employees of motion picture theaters
  6. Farm workers

Partial Exemptions from Overtime Pay:

  1. Partial overtime pay exemptions apply to employees engaged in certain operations on agricultural commodities and to employees of certain bulk petroleum distributors
  2. Hospitals and residential care establishments may adopt, by agreement with their employees, a 14-day work period instead of the usual 7-day workweek if the employees are paid at least time and one-half their regular rates for hours worked over 8 in a day or 80 in a 14-day work period, whichever is the greater number of overtime hours
  3. Employees who lack a high school diploma, or who have not attained the educational level of the 8th grade, can be required to spend up to 10 hours in a workweek engaged in remedial reading or training in other basic skills without receiving time and one-half overtime pay for these hours. However, the employees must receive their normal wages for hours spent in such training and the training must not be job specific
  4. Public agency fire departments and police departments may establish a work period ranging from 7 to 28 days in which overtime need only be paid after a specified number of hours in each work period

Bloomberg bought fifth place in Democrat race for $211,000,000. His plan is to import millions of foreigners and ditch Americans.

M. R. Bloomberg

Michael Rubens Bloomberg has spent $211 million in self-promoting ads since November 24, including $866,000 for messages just on Saturday, Jan. 11.

Pundits say the effort is paying off, and they point to the Real Clear Politics poll average that has him at fifth place in the race for Democrat Party nomination for President.

The polls place him less than 2% behind the “Oracle of South Bend”, Peter Paul Montgomery Buttigieg, also known as Mayor Pete by the fawning media.  Buttigieg/Bloomberg seems sort of David versus Goliath – Mike the former mayor of America’s largest city, and Pete, who was most recently elected with 8,515 votes in South Bend, IN.

After passing Pete, Mike must make the big jump to the so-called top tier of Joe Biden, Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren. These candidates have anywhere from about double to four times his current national poll support.

While spending hundreds of millions on ads can make your brand almost as well known as Gaines was in its day. Bloomberg has already become a common name, thanks to his Bloomberg News. In the spirit of I’m the Boss, his staff was recently instructed to cover him and the Democrats in the Presidential contest, but not to give positive ink or bytes to the Republican incumbent.

It you only print stories that favor your medium’s owner, it’s called public relations or marketing, but never journalism.

Back to the $211 million.

Both Warren and Sanders can pull ten thousand or more to a rally. Even Biden and Mayor Pete can manage 500.

Imagine Mike’s elation-deficit depression, when he had Judge Judy at his side in a San Antonio, Texas rally, and only 45 folks turned up to hear his stump speech.  When this dismal attendance was reported, his staff reached out for a clarification – urging that there were 130, not 45. Some advisor must have thought 130 for $211 million was much better than 45.

Judy “The Judge”

The real question is whether an audience of a thousand or more would have attended if Judge Judy was there without him.

Is there a company somewhere that supplies audiences? At $100 a pop, Mike could have paid a thousand of the neediest by just reducing his ad buy to just $766,000 on that recent, record-breaking Saturday.

Putting aside the idiocy of a little man trying to fill big shoes, voters should send a message by ignoring his ads, and instead, examine the dangers of a Bloomberg President.

Bloomberg told the San Diego Union-Tribune on January 5:

I think two things are true. One, this country needs more immigrants and we should be out looking for immigrants… for those who need an oboe player for a symphony, we want the best one. We need a striker for a soccer team, we want to get the best one. We want a farm worker, we want to get the best one. A computer programmer, we want to get the best one. So we should be out looking for more immigrants. And other countries are doing this and we’re not…

Of course, in the world of elites, “best” usually means cheapest, more likely to put up with employer abuse, and under a Visa system – unable to easily change jobs.

Some estimates show many large tech companies have far more foreign workers than Americans, and that imported worker availability is forcing engineers and technical experts to take jobs in other fields.

Take an environmental engineer, starting salary with a five-year degree – half earn less than $50,000 a year.

The best and brightest with an eye to paying their bills would be better off using their math and problem-solving abilities on Wall Street:

The average 2018 salary, including bonuses, for New York City’s securities industry employees was $398,600, according to the New York Post.

MIT supply side management grads

No wonder, big financial firms are recruiting from MIT and other top engineering and science institutions.

Mark Krikorian, director of the Center for Immigration Studies (CIS), said Bloomberg’s philosophy is “immigration laws are not one of those things that should be allowed to interfere in shareholders’ value.”

In December, Bloomberg said additional immigrants could “improve our culture, our cuisine, our religion, our dialogue, and certainly improve our economy.”

A Rasmussen survey shows likely voters by 2:1 want Congress to make companies hire and train US grads and workers instead of importing more foreign workers. The survey also shows Americans have great sympathy for refugees.

In 2013, Bloomberg and FOX’s Rupert Murdoch created the Project for a New American Economy (PNAE), a group of investors and politicians who pushed for passage of the Gang of Eight amnesty in 2013.

That Gang of Eight in 2013:

The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) said that planned “Gang of Eight” amnesty would shift more of the nation’s new wealth from workers to investors, and some 30 million immigrants in ten years would cause Americans’ wages to shrink.

Because the bill would increase the rate of growth of the labor force, average wages would be held down in the first decade after enactment,” the CBO report said.

The rate of return on capital would be higher under the legislation than under current law throughout the next two decades,” says the report, titled “The Economic Impact of S. 744.

Bloomberg is following President George Bush’s lead.

New immigration laws should serve the economic needs of our country. If an American employer is offering a job that American citizens are not willing to take, we ought to welcome into our country a person who will fill that job, Bush said.

CIS recognizes the Bloomberg view as globalism.

He is listed as a 2019 and 2018 member of the Trilateral Commission.

He aspires to a single global labor market, and everything else follows from that. A concern about improving the lot of less-skilled American workers is by definition contrary to that view because there is no such thing as an American labor market. There is only a global labor market, Krikorian explained.

Domestic employers are not thinking about the consequences for people from Pennsylvania, when they hire people from Tennessee, and Bloomberg wants that same approach across the entire world.

Trilateral Logo

Bloomberg’s job-killing stance of foreign workers is just part of an elitist attitude – probably to be expected from a rich New Yorker worth $55 billion. He takes the stance that he knows best for the rest of us, including his attempts at creating a Nanny City in New York.

His agenda for three terms as NYC mayor included control of alcohol, calorie counts, carbon, cell phones, cigarettes, contraceptives, composting, fingerprinting, gasoline, noise, politics, privacy, Second Amendment, soda, sodium, Styrofoam, taxis, tanning, traffic congestion and trans fats.

But don’t count out Bloomberg. He plans to spend another $800 million, and much of that just to get the nomination.

In the spirit of “flaunt it if you’ve got it”, Mike has scheduled one $10 million, 60-second ad for the Super Bowl. After news of that buy reached the White House, President Donald John Trump also bought a $10 million ad.

While few of us look forward to the $20 million of Mike and Don ads in the Battle of the Rich New York Guys, there will be the opportunity to admire the other end of horses, thanks to Budweiser’s purchase of four minutes of commercials.

Pains of poverty from slave pay are just ignored by politicians; Elite class uses phony arguments to fight $15 minimum wage

Australia has always fascinated me, and not just because some of my ancestors moved there to help build that nation, along with millions of other “despicables” from Great Britain.

That continent and America were the freedom destinations for the Irish and English poor, who became indentured workers, toiling without pay for seven or more years to pay for their sea passage.

About half the American population in the mid 18th century were white and indentured, and even their children – born during such service – were automatically indentured until age 21 or older. In addition to indentured workers, Australia was a prison colony, and for a minor crime you were incarcerated and used as slave labor, often for life.

Let’s compare their minimum wage with our $7.25.

That $19.49 buys you plenty, considering Australia’s single-payer universal health care, low-cost public colleges, and $30,000 salary basement before paying back student loans.

You will notice that the minimum wage is much lower for students and varies by age for everyone. Apprentices are paid less.

There are also minimum wage variations by industry and occupation.

This is an example: Australia Restaurant Pay Guide

Minimum wage can increase by $5 an hour in the example guide, and wages on weekends and holidays are much higher.

Where do we go from here?

The Raise the Wage Act has passed the U.S. House of Representatives (H.R. 15) and still sits in the Senate (S.1242), where it will most likely die. It sets a $15 minimum by 2024.

Before the Raise the Wage Act, there has been no increase since the Fair Minimum Wage Act was passed in 2007. That long-delayed change raised the rate to $7.25 by 2009 – ten years ago.

Pessimism about passage comes from looking at the corporate-beholden members of the Senate, whose campaign donors are the very ones affected negatively by a fair wage for Americans. It can also be argued that the House passed the bill to get votes, realizing it would never become law because of Senate inaction.

Keeping workers competing for jobs and underpaid, while forcing both spouses to labor just to pay necessities, is a mantra of our profit-minded establishment.

A cable tv business channel anchor, Charles Payne, recently commented:

If people on minimum wage want more money, they should just get a second job.

A real Payne

Even if they did, it would take more than two jobs to earn the $5 million annually that Payne is paid for sitting at a desk and prognosticating about the “little people” and their need to sacrifice to enrich their employers.

A moment of stark reality is in order.

When Payne attends work one day, he earns as much as a minimum wage janitor is paid in an entire year. That means it would require the janitor to work hard for 365 years to match Payne’s one-year haul.

Nobody who sits and talks for a couple hours is worth 365 times as much a guy who breaks his back all day, so the rest of us have clean floors and toilets.

Time to raise the minimum wage. Among other blessings, the folks “down under” might stop looking down at us in wonder.